What is Taekwondo?
Taekwondo is a martial art and sport that without the use of weapons, teaches the practitioner techniques for defense and offense, in addition to guiding him/her to walk the true path of life. Regardless of age or sex, Taekwondo teaches the practitioner to use his/her hands and feet in any defense.
Translated Taekwondo means the following:
- Tae = Foot
- Kwon = Fist
- Do = Art / Way of Life
To practitioners, Taekwondo exists as:
- Physical Exercise
- Martial Art
- Contemporary Sport
As a Physical Exercise, Taekwondo:
Has a great effect on children's growth and development; youth and elders physical fitness; and women's health and beauty. Taekwondo is designed to develop all the muscle groups in the body, while demonstrating poise and allowing flexibility in all joints of the body. It also helps to relieve fatigue and stress caused by modern day civilization.
As a Martial Art, Taekwondo:
Uses a technique system of attacking opponents with bare hands and feet. The one thing that distinguishes Taekwondo from other martial arts is its powerful and diverse foot techniques. These techniques are the ones that make Taekwondo the world's most powerful sport. Though Taekwondo uses only the human body and no weapons, it has the offensive power to defeat an aggressor with one single blow. However, Taekwondo emphasizes mastering techniques with the focus on defense. This is due to the Taekwondo spirit of respecting peace and justice. Through Taekwondo technique systems such as poomse (forms), kyoruki (sparring), and kyupa (board breaking), practitioners learn to start and end with a makki poom (defense movement). This allows the practitioners to emphasize the noble attitude of self-discipline (defending oneself and never attacking or defeating others).
As a Contemporary Sport, Taekwondo:
Has a new value. Spectators can cheer in Olympic stadiums as well as in continental games, national, state, and regional tournaments.
As an Educational Tool, Taekwondo:
States that the goal of practice is to make the practitioner a well-rounded human being. Along with one's physical condition, Taekwondo is oriented towards improving one's mental frame of mind. The educational role of Taekwondo is to direct the practitioner to practice the art of self perfection. To achieve this, the Taekwondo practitioner must understand the principles of peace-oriented techniques and adapt to broader human lifestyle through a constant discipline. The martial art spirit of Taekwondo is the pursuit of the virtue of human life.